Wildlife Conservation means protecting a wide variety of species. We all know that Africa is home to some of the world’s endangered species. They include the mountain gorilla, Grevy’s zebra, Ethiopian wolf and many more. Therefore, to prevent the decline of the population of these species, Africa uses its on-the-ground safeguards. In fact, they involve training rangers and using sniffer dogs to prevent wildlife traffickers.
We all know that wildlife must survive in their natural habitats. Therefore, African nations empower local people through conservation-friendly development. In fact, Africa also works with international agencies. Thus it is trying all the ways to protect its natural resources from continual threats.
The reason for conflict African wildlife
We know that human beings are the greatest threats when it comes to protecting these vital ecosystems. Sharing land across the continent, local communities and wildlife live side by side. This leads to struggles for space and water. Indeed, if people and wildlife learn to live together, the future for all will be better.
The challenges that they are facing
Both humans poaching wildlife and wildlife attacking people’s livestock, are real problems. We can understand that the needs of people and wildlife are different. In fact, as we all know, the human population is growing with time. Meanwhile, in demand centers people carve ivory. On the other hand, they use rhino horn and pangolin scales as traditional medicines. However, most of the consumers do not know that the products are ineffective in reality.
The ever-rising crisis
We already know the fact that wildlife across Africa is under pressure. In fact, the poachers kill elephants for ivory. In addition, they also hunt Rhinos for their horns. Bushmeat is a popular target for local consumption. In fact, we can also guess right that wildlife habitats, are coming under pressure. These habitats include forests, woodlands, savannahs and wetlands This is mainly due to the increasing demands of a growing human population.
Solutions in the face of a dwindling wildlife
We know that there are certain answers to the problems faced by the African wildlife. A combination of habitat management, wildlife reintroductions and translocations can be effective. Moreover, monitoring programmes, as well as relevant research to inform conservation actions can go a long way.
Steps taken to better the present scenario
Research and Surveys
Research is an important part of monitoring the health of the ecosystem. We can well realise how parks are serving as open laboratories.
We all know that monitoring individual animals, through collaring or fitting tracking devices can help gather information.
Translocations and Reintroductions
As we know, the movement of 500 elephants in Malawi from Liwonde and Majete to Nkhotakota.